Home > Nepal, Birthplace of Buddha > ƒlƒp[ƒ‹‚ÌŽå‚È•§‹³Ž›‰@


Nepal, Birthplace of Buddha

Major Buddhist Temples in Nepal

Nepal has a rich Buddhist culture and temples which were nurtured over a long time, centering on Kathmandu. Historically, Nepal enjoyed a close relationship with India and Tibet, and not only host many pilgrims from other countries visiting Buddhist holy grounds in Kathmandu Valley, but there was also an active intercommunication of monks and people learning Buddhist art.


Kathmandu

Many temples and palaces are situated in Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. Many bahi, Buddhist monasteries in suburban areas that monks once lived, and baha, Buddhist temples built in cities exist in Kathmandu.

Relief on the doors of the Buddhist Temple

Buddhist monks reading sutras

People in the city of Kathmandu

Monasteries in the city (Jana Baha)


Patan

PageTop


Patan is an ancient city located to the south of Kathmandu, with 18 major temples. Patan embraces a rich history of Buddhism. When King Ashoka visited Nepal, his princess Charumati made her choice to stay behind in Nepal and built the city of Patan, later spending her remaining years in a monastery, which was also her construction.

This land is also referred to as the city of beauty. A majority of cast Buddhist statues representing Nepalese art are made in Patan.

The beautiful cityscape of Patan. Dunbar Square in the center.

Child touching the Mani wheel

The most important temple in Patan --- Golden Temple

The great gate of the Golden Temple


Ashoka Stupa

Four Ashoka stupas surrounding the city of Patan

Four Ashoka stupas surrounding the city of Patan

Four Ashoka stupas surrounding the city of Patan

Four Ashoka stupas surrounding the city of Patan


In the suburban area of Patan, four great stupas called gAshoka Stupash stand in the northern, southern, eastern, and western directions, respectively. There are also many other smaller stupas called Ashoka Caityas, which show how widely King Ashoka spread Buddhism in this land.

Buddhist Monasteries in Bhaktapur

PageTop


The five-storied stupa of Nyatapole Temple is famous in Bhaktapur, a city east of Kathmandu. The stupa is 30 meters tall, being the tallest stupa in Kathmandu Valley. The red brick buildings lined up on the streets reminds people of the ancient or medieval times. In the movie, Little Buddha (1993, British-French), most scenes of Buddha before he renounced the world was filmed in this city and Patan.

City of Bhaktapur retains its medieval flavor. The tall tower is the Nyatapola Temple.

Children playing in the city

Old palace and temple ruins in Dunbar Square

Singh (lion) statues protecting the temple


Boudhanath

PageTop


Nepal's largest stupa situates in Boudhanath, located east of Kathmandu. It has long been the center of Tibetan faith and culture. After the Tibetan riots in 1959, an increasing number of Tibetans moved in around the stupa, turning a quiet farming village into a Tibetan temple town.

The largest stupa in Nepal, in Bodhnath

Many people visiting the stupa

View of plaza from the stupa

Bodhnath is the center of Tibetan culture in Nepal


Swayambhunath

PageTop


Swayambhunath is the oldest Buddhist temple located in Kathmandu Valley. It sits on a hill overlooking the Kathmandu Valley that is about 3 kilometers west of the center of Kathmandu. It is 77 meters higher than the base of the valley, giving the visitors a splendid view.

Swayambhunath Stupa


Stupa on a hill. The temple in front is the Harati Mata Temple.

The 400 steps (or thereabouts) to Swayambunath


View of Kathmandu Valley from the temple grounds

Many tourists visit Swayambunath


Standing Buddha statue

Statue of Avalokiteśvara in a temple



PageTop

KOFUKU-NO-KAGAKU  The Institute for Research in Human Happiness

Copyright© 2008 Ryuho Okawa, Happy Science, IRH Press. All Rights Reserved.